How to Get Enough ‘Safe’ Fibre and prevent bloating.

Fibre is an important part of a healthy lifestyle as it can help reduce cholesterol, maintain a healthy weight and keep the bowels moving. In addition, fibre can act as a food source for the beneficial bacteria in your gut, which in turn help our bodies digest food and absorb nutrients, as well as produce several vitamins in the intestinal tract — including folic acid, niacin, and vitamins B6 and B12.

Getting the 25-30g recommended daily intake of fibre can be a challenge for most people, but an even bigger challenge for people, who may be struggling with gut issues such as bloating, gas and especially for those on a FODMAP diet. (1)

FODMAP stands for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, which is a carbohydrate found in certain foods such as beans, onion, garlic, wheat and fruit. If you feel symptoms such as gas, bloating, stomach pain, diarrhoea and constipation after eating some of these foods, you may benefit from eliminating them for a short period of time while you feed and repair your gut. It is important to know that most of these foods are healthy and therefore not ideal to eliminate them long term. If you find you get bloating or gas after ingesting fibre or any of the food mentioned above, you are wise to learn which fibre is low FODMAP to ensure you get enough of the ‘safe’ fibre.

Types of fibre

Fibre can be grouped into insoluble and soluble fibre

Insoluble fibre absorbs water to help soften the stool and thereby supports regular bowel movements.  It also supports insulin sensitivity and may help maintain a healthy weight as well as reduce the risk for diabetes. (2)

Including insoluble fibre in your diet can be done by eating spinach, kale, corn, eggplant, green beans, broccoli, brown rice, pumpkin, almonds, chia and sesame seeds (these are all low FODMAP foods). (3) 

Soluble fibre becomes a gel-like paste in your stomach and is able to absorb sugar, fat and cholesterol from other foods, which is how it can help reduce cholesterol, reduce hunger and stabilise blood sugar levels. (2)

Further down in the gut, good bacteria will ferment soluble fibres to produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). SCFA are the main source of energy for cells in the colon and have protective effects against obesity and colon cancer. (4+5)

If you have a sensitive gut or are on a FODMAP diet, you can include soluble fibre in your diet by eating potatoes, brown rice, firm bananas, oats, sweet potato or low FODMAP nuts such as ¼ cup of almonds, pecans and macadamia nuts. (3)

Prebiotics and FODMAPs

Some soluble fibre is categorised as prebiotics, which means they act as a food source for the beneficial bacteria in your gut, helping them to grow and maintain a healthy balance of good to bad bacteria.

Prebiotics could potentially be beneficial in a number of other health outcomes beyond the gut and some evidence supports the role of prebiotics in enhanced mineral absorption, colon cancer risk reduction, and immune modulation. (6+7)

Prebiotics are found in foods such as garlic, onion, asparagus and artichokes. They are all high in FODMAPs making it challenging for anyone on a low FODMAP diet to get enough of the beneficial prebiotic fibre.

Prebiotic fibre supplements such as inulin, fructans and GOS are all high FODMAPs and may therefore cause an adverse reaction in people with IBS

Low FODMAP prebiotics

Bacteria are key players in achieving a healthy gut and keeping them fed and thriving is always the goal, even when on a low FODMAP diet.

Partially hydrolysed guar gum and acacia gum are both prebiotics that have been shown to increase bifidobacteria and lactobacillus in the gut (8+9+10)

Aim to add some fibre to your diet while on a low FODMAP diet. Read the labels on all supplements as some may contain prebiotic fibres such as inulin, fructans and GOS which are all high FODMAPs. Rather look for prebiotics that have been certified as FODMAP Friendly tick such as FEED and REPAIR by The Gut Cø.

FEED is The Gut Co’s naturopathically formulated blend of prebiotics and probiotics which act as food for your good gut bacteria.

REPAIR is a complete, naturopathically formulated super powder of ‘skin vitamins’ designed to aid in skin health and strengthen your hair and nails. It also aids in strengthening the gut lining which contains 70% of the immune system.

Author: Pernille Jensen / The Gut Co

Pernille Jensen is a Naturopath and Clinical Nutritionist with over 13 years of experience. Pernille has dedicated her life to researching gut issues, as she truly believes everything begins in the gut; disease as well as health. 

thegutco.com.au

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References

  1. https://www.nrv.gov.au/nutrients/dietary-fibre
  2. https://nutritionaustralia.org/fact-sheets/fibre/
  3. https://www.monashfodmap.com/about-fodmap-and-ibs/
  4. Papathanasopoulos A, Camilleri M. Dietary fiber supplements: effects in obesity and metabolic syndrome and relationship to gastrointestinal functions. Gastroenterology. 2010;138(1):65-72.e722. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2009.11.045
  5. Scheppach W, Bartram HP, Richter F. Role of short-chain fatty acids in the prevention of colorectal cancer. Eur J Cancer. 1995 Jul-Aug;31A(7-8):1077-80. doi: 10.1016/0959-8049(95)00165-f. PMID: 7576995.

Macfarlane GT, Macfarlane S. Fermentation in the human large intestine: its physiologic consequences and the potential contribution of prebiotics. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2011 Nov;45 Suppl:S120-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21992950/

Roberfroid M, et al. Prebiotic effects: Metabolic and Health Benefits. Br J Nutr. 2010 Aug;104 Suppl 2:S1-63. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20920376/

Takasashi H, Wako N, Okubo T, Ishihara N, Yamanaka J, Yamamoto T. Influence of partially hydrolyzed guar gum on constipation in women. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 1994;40:251–9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Parisi, G., et al., Treatment effects of partially hydrolyzed guar gum on symptoms and quality of life of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. A multicenter randomized open trial. Dig Dis Sci, 2005. 50(6): p. 1107-12.

Niv E, Halak A, Tiommny E, et al. Randomized clinical study: Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) versus placebo in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2016;13:10. Published 2016 Feb 6. doi:10.1186/s12986-016-0070-5